Seventy-five unrelated hemophilia A patients from India were analyzed for factor VIII gene defects. Intron 22 inversion was identified in 22 patients and intron 1 inversion in 2 patients. In the remaining 51 patients without inversions screening the FVIII gene by denaturing high performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) revealed 42 different mutations in 44 unrelated subjects. These included 14 missense, 7 nonsense, 9 splice site, 8 deletional, 3 insertional mutations and one indel mutation. Of these, 32 were novel gene alterations. The hotspots included intron 22 inversion, CpG and adenine runs.