The effects of the dopamine D1 receptor antagonist R(+)-SCH-23390 and D2 receptor antagonist S(-)-eticlopride on d-methamphetamine-induced striatal monoamine reductions 72 h after treatment were investigated in relation to changes in body temperature. Rats were administered four 10-mg/kg doses of d-methamphetamine or saline with a 2-h interval between treatments; 0.5 mg/kg eticlopride or SCH-23390 was administered 15 min before each methamphetamine or saline injection. Two ambient temperature conditions were investigated: 24 and 33 degrees C. Methamphetamine administered at 24 degrees C induced hyperthermia and reduced striatal dopamine content by 73%; 0.5 mg/kg eticlopride or SCH-23390 administered in combination with methamphetamine at 24 degrees C attenuated methamphetamine-induced hyperthermia and prevented significant reductions in dopamine content. At 33 degrees C, eticlopride and SCH-23390 were ineffective in blocking methamphetamine-induced hyperthermia and dopamine content was reduced by 65% in the SCH-23390-methamphetamine group. By contrast, dopamine content was reduced by only 31% in the 33 degrees C eticlopride-methamphetamine group. Thus, although the eticlopride-methamphetamine treatment combination at 33 degrees C exhibited a hyperthermic response comparable to that seen with methamphetamine alone at 24 degrees C, reductions in dopamine content were attenuated in the combination group compared with methamphetamine alone at 24 degrees C. Serotonin changes showed similar attenuated reductions after SCH-23390 or eticlopride pretreatment at 24 degrees C in combination with methamphetamine, but this attenuation was absent at 33 degrees C. The dissociation of methamphetamine-induced striatal dopamine reduction and hyperthermia seen after eticlopride pretreatment suggests a dopamine D2 receptor mechanism in mediating methamphetamine-induced dopamine depletion. However this D2 mechanism does not apply to methamphetamine-induced striatal serotonin reductions.
2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.