At all stages, plant development results from a complex integration of multiple endogenous and environmental signals. The sedentary nature of plants strongly enhances the impact of the environment on plant development as compared to animal development. The embryonic and postembryonic seedling stem, called the hypocotyl, of the model species Arabidopsis (thale cress) has proved to be an excellent system for studying such signal interplay in the regulation of growth and developmental responses. The extension of the hypocotyl, which is regulated by a network of interacting factors, including light and plant hormones, is such a process. These regulatory factors often reciprocally regulate their biosynthesis and/or signalling. Here we present the current state of knowledge about the regulation of hypocotyl growth by a large repertoire of internal and external cues.