Requirements for replication restart proteins during constitutive stable DNA replication in Escherichia coli K-12

Genetics. 2005 Apr;169(4):1799-806. doi: 10.1534/genetics.104.036962. Epub 2005 Feb 16.


Constitutive stable DNA replication (cSDR) is a mechanism for replisome loading in Escherichia coli K-12. This occurs in a dnaA-independent fashion in an rnhA mutant. cSDR is dependent on recA, priA, and transcription. In this report, it is shown that dnaA rnhA mutants using cSDR for initiation of their DNA replication additionally require priB, but not priC, for viability. Two subtle priA missense mutations either eliminated the ability to grow using cSDR (priA301 C479Y) or resulted in very small colonies (priA300 K230R). DnaC809, a priA suppressor, failed to allow priA or priB mutants to grow using cSDR to initiate DNA replication. Furthermore, unlike dnaC(+) strains, dnaC809 strains require priC for cSDR. DnaC809,820, a priC-independent suppressor of priA2::kan phenotypes, allowed priA and priC (but not priB) mutants to grow using cSDR to initiate DNA replication. It is also shown that rep and rnhA mutations are synthetically lethal. DnaC809 and dnaC809,820 mutations suppress this lethality. Rep is further shown to be required for cSDR in a dnaC809 strain. A model whereby these different sets of replication restart proteins interact preferentially with substrates associated with either RecA or SSB during replication restart and cSDR, respectively, is proposed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Proteins* / chemistry
  • Bacterial Proteins* / metabolism
  • DNA / chemistry
  • DNA Replication*
  • DNA, Bacterial*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Escherichia coli / genetics*
  • Escherichia coli / physiology*
  • Escherichia coli Proteins / chemistry
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial*
  • Genome, Bacterial*
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Models, Genetic
  • Mutation
  • Mutation, Missense
  • Phenotype
  • RNA / chemistry
  • Rec A Recombinases / metabolism
  • SOS Response, Genetics


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • DnaA protein, Bacteria
  • Escherichia coli Proteins
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • RNA
  • DNA
  • Rec A Recombinases