Detection of infectious colitis by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography in a child receiving intensive care after cardiac surgery

Pediatr Radiol. 2005 Jul;35(7):702-5. doi: 10.1007/s00247-005-1404-z. Epub 2005 Feb 17.


Pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO) and suspected focal infection/inflammation are challenging medical problems. Nuclear medicine methods using scintigraphy with (111)In- or (99m)Tc-labelled antibodies or (67)Ga-citrate have been validated for the diagnosis and detection of inflammatory processes. Recently, positron emission tomography (PET) with (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) has been described as a promising imaging method, especially for PUO. We report the use of FDG-PET in an 18-month-old boy that revealed unexpected infectious colitis after cardiac surgery. This case suggests that FDG-PET is a valuable tool for the detection of unknown inflammatory foci in childhood, especially when the time needed for examination and radiation exposure are to be considered.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures*
  • Colitis / complications
  • Colitis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Colonoscopy
  • Critical Care*
  • Fever of Unknown Origin / etiology
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Positron-Emission Tomography*
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Radiopharmaceuticals*
  • Whole-Body Counting


  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18