Cigarette advertising in Black, Latino, and White magazines, 1998-2002: an exploratory investigation

Ethn Dis. 2005 Winter;15(1):63-7.


Objective: To examine the number, type (menthol vs non-menthol), brand (Black, White, Women's, Other), and size of cigarette ads in Black, Latino, and White magazines.

Method: Analysis of digital photographs of 274 cigarette ads appearing in Ebony (Black), People (White), and People in Spanish (Latino) for the 4.5-year period of January 1998 to August 2002.

Results: Black magazines were 9.8 times and Latino magazines 2.6 times more likely than White magazines to contain ads for menthol cigarettes. Black and Latino magazines also contained significantly more ads for brands (Virginia Slims) that target women.

Conclusions: The tobacco industry continues to target Blacks with menthol cigarette ads, appears now to be targeting Latinos similarly, and targets Black and Latino women with additional, tailored cigarette ads.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Advertising / statistics & numerical data*
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Black People / psychology*
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Female
  • Hispanic or Latino / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Periodicals as Topic*
  • Smoking*
  • Tobacco Industry
  • White People / psychology*