An extensive electronic search was undertaken in January 2004 to identify all relevant peer-reviewed publications on Orbscan slit-scanning/Placido computerized topography. Ninety-one publications were identified. These address elevation topography and best-fit sphere, accuracy and repeatability of anterior and posterior corneal elevation and keratometric maps, comparison of Orbscan-acquired data and Placido-based computerized videokeratography instruments, pachymetry measurement and correlation with ultrasound, screening eye-bank corneas, detection of keratoconus, identifying corneal ectasia after refractive surgery, and miscellaneous applications. Studies were analyzed and critically compared in relation to attributes, applications, and limitations of Orbscan corneal topography. The review highlights advantages of this technique in assessing the cornea in health and disease and after surgery and identifies specific aspects that require further investigation and clarification.