Biomarkers of oxidative stress study II: are oxidation products of lipids, proteins, and DNA markers of CCl4 poisoning?

Free Radic Biol Med. 2005 Mar 15;38(6):698-710. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2004.09.017.


Oxidation products of lipids, proteins, and DNA in the blood, plasma, and urine of rats were measured as part of a comprehensive, multilaboratory validation study searching for noninvasive biomarkers of oxidative stress. This article is the second report of the nationwide Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress Study using acute CCl4 poisoning as a rodent model for oxidative stress. The time-dependent (2, 7, and 16 h) and dose-dependent (120 and 1200 mg/kg i.p.) effects of CCl4 on concentrations of lipid hydroperoxides, TBARS, malondialdehyde (MDA), isoprostanes, protein carbonyls, methionine sulfoxidation, tyrosine products, 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), leukocyte DNA-MDA adducts, and DNA-strand breaks were investigated to determine whether the oxidative effects of CCl4 would result in increased generation of these oxidation products. Plasma concentrations of MDA and isoprostanes (both measured by GC-MS) and urinary concentrations of isoprostanes (measured with an immunoassay or LC/MS/MS) were increased in both low-dose and high-dose CCl4-treated rats at more than one time point. The other urinary markers (MDA and 8-OHdG) showed significant elevations with treatment under three of the four conditions tested. It is concluded that measurements of MDA and isoprostanes in plasma and urine as well as 8-OHdG in urine are potential candidates for general biomarkers of oxidative stress. All other products were not changed by CCl4 or showed fewer significant effects.

MeSH terms

  • 8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine
  • Animals
  • Carbon Tetrachloride / toxicity*
  • Carbon Tetrachloride Poisoning / metabolism*
  • Comet Assay
  • DNA / metabolism*
  • DNA Damage
  • Deoxyguanosine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Deoxyguanosine / pharmacology
  • Free Radicals
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / metabolism
  • Immunoassay
  • Immunoblotting
  • Lipid Metabolism*
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Male
  • Malondialdehyde / pharmacology
  • Methionine / metabolism
  • Oxidative Stress*
  • Oxygen / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred F344
  • Spectrophotometry
  • Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances
  • Time Factors
  • Tyrosine / chemistry
  • Tyrosine / metabolism


  • Free Radicals
  • Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances
  • Tyrosine
  • Malondialdehyde
  • 8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine
  • DNA
  • Methionine
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Carbon Tetrachloride
  • Deoxyguanosine
  • Oxygen