Normal bone marrow (BM) contains T cells whose function and origin are poorly understood. We observed that CD8+ T cells in BM consist chiefly of CCR7+ L-selectin+ central memory cells (TCMs). Adoptively transferred TCMs accumulated more efficiently in the BM than naive and effector T cells. Intravital microscopy (IVM) showed that TCMs roll efficiently in BM microvessels via L-, P-, and E-selectin, whereas firm arrest required the VCAM-1/alpha4beta1 pathway. alpha4beta1 integrin activation did not depend on pertussis toxin (PTX)-sensitive Galphai proteins but was reduced by anti-CXCL12. In contrast, TCM diapedesis did not require CXCL12 but was blocked by PTX. After extravasation, TCMs displayed agile movement within BM cavities, remained viable, and mounted potent antigen-specific recall responses for at least two months. Thus, the BM functions as a major reservoir for TCMs by providing specific recruitment signals that act in sequence to mediate the constitutive recruitment of TCMs from the blood.