A quantitative approach to technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime

Eur J Nucl Med. 1992;19(3):195-200. doi: 10.1007/BF00173281.


A non-invasive, simple method for the quantitative evaluation of brain perfusion is presented using intravenous radionuclide angiography with technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (99mTc-HM-PAO). Graphical analysis was employed for the evaluation of the unidirectional influx constant (ku) of the tracer from the blood to the brain. The ku values were standardized to provide objective and comparable values, brain perfusion indices (BPI), among studied subjects by setting the ratio of ROIbrain size to ROIaorta size at 10. The whole-brain BPI values for the normal control subjects showed a significant negative correlation with advancing age (r = -0.632, P = 0.0204, n = 13). The mean of the whole-brain BPI of 7.0 (SD = 1.4) in 20 patients with cerebrovascular disorders was significantly lower than that of 10.6 (SD = 1.5) in 13 normal control subjects. The BPI measurements showed only minimal intra- and interobserver variability. Changes of the ratio of ROIaorta size and ROIbrain size did not significantly influence the BPI values. Hemispherical BPI values in 19 subjects (n = 38) showed highly significant correlations with the hemispherical mean cerebral blood flow values obtained from Xenon-133 single photon emission tomography (SPET) (r = 0.926, P = 0.0001 for the early picture method and r = 0.932, P = 0.0001 for the sequential picture method). This technique is easy to apply as an adjunct to SPET and may be helpful in the quantitative evaluation of brain perfusion in routine clinical studies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation / physiology*
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Organotechnetium Compounds*
  • Oximes*
  • Radionuclide Angiography / methods*
  • Technetium Tc 99m Exametazime


  • Organotechnetium Compounds
  • Oximes
  • Technetium Tc 99m Exametazime