Can autism be predicted on the basis of infant screening tests?

Dev Med Child Neurol. 1992 Apr;34(4):316-20. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.1992.tb11435.x.

Abstract

The authors examined infant hearing and vision screening tests for a group of children subsequently diagnosed as autistic and compared them with a group of children suffering from non-specific developmental delay, as well as with a random sample of records. Four categories (motor, vision, hearing and language, social) were investigated at three ages: six, 12 and 18 months. The random sample group had a low incidence of reported problems at all ages. The learning-disabled group had a sharp increase in reported abnormalities in all categories at 12 months. The autistic group had a selective increase in the social category alone at 18 months.

MeSH terms

  • Autistic Disorder / diagnosis
  • Autistic Disorder / prevention & control*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Hearing Tests*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Learning Disabilities / diagnosis
  • Learning Disabilities / prevention & control
  • Male
  • Mass Screening*
  • Neurologic Examination*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Vision Screening*