A new anatomical repair method for the treatment of ingrown nail: prospective comparison of wedge resection of the matrix and partial matricectomy followed by lateral fold advancement flap

Ann Plast Surg. 2005 Mar;54(3):306-11; discussion 312.


Currently, there are various surgical treatment modalities for ingrowing nail. None of these procedures are perfect to achieve esthetic results with low cost, recurrence, and complication rates. Eighty-seven toenails of 77 patients were operated in our clinic; 49 wedge matrix resections (WMR) and 38 partial matricectomy followed by lateral fold advancement flap (LFAF) were applied. Average follow-up period of the patients was 13 months. The recurrence rates, spicule formation, immobilization periods, and patient satisfaction for cosmetic result and discomforting symptoms were investigated. Nail, distal phalanx bone, soft tissue measurements were performed in the counterlateral healthy toe of 34 patients that we operated due to the unilateral ingrowing nail and 34 randomized individuals with no ingrowing nail by lateral and anteroposterior toe x-rays. There were no significant differences for age, sex, the side of the ingrowing nail, postoperative mobilization period, and the follow-up period between 2 groups that the techniques were applied to. There was no statistically significant difference in WMR (8.1%, 4 toes) and LFAF (none) for the recurrence rate. But there was significant difference between WMR (36.7%, 18 toes) and LFAF (5.2%, 2 toes) for the spicule formation rates (P < 0.05), and there was significant difference between WMR (20.4%, 10 toes) and LFAF (none) for the reoperation (P < 0.03). It was observed that patient satisfaction in cosmetic view was better in patient group treated with LFAF (P < 0.05). Phalanx heads were wider in patient group with ingrowing nail at the results of the measurements (P < 0.01). The fact that granulation and scarred tissues are removed instead of performing the great soft tissue excisions is more correct for both recurrence and cosmetics. Partial matricectomy and LFAF is a good alternative method for the treatment of ingrown nail, with less recurrence rates and cost and better cosmetic results.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nails, Ingrown / surgery*
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures / methods*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Surgical Flaps*