Purpose: Without effective adjunctive therapy, the recurrence rate after excision of recurrent pterygia is high. In an effort to determine a way to better reduce the recurrence of pterygia, we compared the efficacy and safety of amniotic membrane graft (AMG) alone and AMG combined with intraoperative mitomycin C after excision of recurrent pterygia.
Methods: Patients with recurrent pterygia were randomly assigned to receive excision of pterygia followed by AMG alone or AMG combined with intraoperative 0.025% mitomycin C for 3 minutes (AMG-mitomycin C). Patients who could be followed up for more than 12 months were entered for data analysis. Conjunctival (potential) and corneal (true) recurrence of pterygia and other complications were recorded.
Results: The group receiving AMG alone was made up of 48 eyes in 48 patients, and the group receiving AMG-mitomycin C consisted of 47 eyes in 46 patients. No significant difference was found in age distribution, sex distribution, or duration of follow-up between the 2 groups. Regarding the recurrence rates of each group, 6 conjunctival (12.5%) and 6 corneal (12.5%) recurrences developed in the AMG group, and 4 conjunctival (8.5%) and 6 corneal (12.8%) recurrences developed in the AMG-mitomycin C group. No significant difference was found in the conjunctival and corneal recurrence rate between the 2 groups (P=0.623 and 0.966, respectively; log rank test), and no major complications developed in either group.
Conclusions: AMG alone can be considered an effective alternative adjunctive treatment of recurrent pterygia. The addition of intraoperative mitomycin C did not further reduce the recurrence rate.