A number of 2-aminothiazoles (2a-e) and their amide derivatives (4-10) were prepared. The 2-aminothiazoles themselves were tested as allosteric enhancers of agonist binding to human adenosine A(1) receptors. In a variety of experimental set-ups the compounds did not show any such effect, in contrast to earlier findings by another research group. Subsequently the 2-aminothiazoles were used as intermediates in the synthesis of a number of amide derivatives of either aromatic (4-6) or aliphatic nature (7-10). Some of the compounds emerged as moderately active antagonists on human adenosine A(1) and/or A(2A) receptors with lower or negligible potency at adenosine A(3) receptors.