Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Review
, 97 (12), 538-42

Caffeine and Psychiatric Symptoms: A Review

Affiliations
  • PMID: 15732884
Review

Caffeine and Psychiatric Symptoms: A Review

Pamela Broderick et al. J Okla State Med Assoc.

Abstract

Caffeine is a widely used psychoactive substance that has the potential to contribute to many psychiatric symptoms. This review article aims to address the specific research studies and case reports that relate caffeine to psychiatric symptoms. Caffeine can cause anxiety symptoms in normal individuals, especially in vulnerable patients, like those with pre-existing anxiety disorders. Caffeine use is also associated with symptoms of depression due to either a self-medication theory, or a theory that caffeine itself causes changes in mood. Psychosis can be induced in normal individuals ingesting caffeine at toxic doses, and psychotic symptoms can also be worsened in schizophrenic patients using caffeine. Sleep and symptoms of ADHD may be altered by caffeine as well. Prevention of caffeine-induced psychiatric symptoms is possible by recognizing, educating, and treating patients using a tapering approach.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 17 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

MeSH terms

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback