Background and objectives: It has been reported that both prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and Er:YAG laser irradiation accelerate wound healing. The stimulatory action of laser seems to occur during the proliferative stage of healing by stimulation of prostaglandin E2 and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), which are crucial early mediators in the natural healing process. We have then investigated the effect of Er:YAG laser irradiation on PGE2 production and COX-2 gene expression in human gingival fibroblast in vitro.
Material and methods: Cultured fibroblasts were exposed to low-power Er:YAG laser irradiation with an energy density of 3.37 J/cm2. The amount of PGE2 production was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). COX-2 mRNA level, which is a critical enzyme for PGE2 production, was analyzed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).
Results: Er:YAG laser significantly increased PGE2 production by human gingival fibroblasts. COX-2 mRNA, which was hardly detectable in control, increased dramatically after irradiation. COX-2 inhibitor, NS398, completely inhibited the PGE2 synthesis stimulated by Er:YAG laser irradiation.
Conclusion: Our results showed that Er:YAG laser irradiation appears to exert its stimulative action on gingival fibroblasts proliferation through the production of PGE2 via the expression of COX-2. This should be considered as one of the important regulatory pathways to accelerate wound healing after Er:YAG laser irradiation.
Copyright (c) Blackwell Munksgaard 2005.