Neurological long-term follow-up in left atrial myxoma: are late complications frequent or rare?

J Neurol. 1992 Mar;239(3):170-4. doi: 10.1007/BF00833920.


Neurological manifestations were analysed in 13 patients with left atrial myxoma confirmed by histological study. In this group, 6 patients had neurological complaints at initial presentation, 5 had cardiac symptoms, and 4 patients presented with signs of systemic disease. CT was performed in 10 and MRI in 7 patients. There were signs of ischaemic or haemorrhagic infarction (6 of 12) and one lesion suggestive of myxoma metastasis; other findings mainly comprised non-specific white matter lesions revealed by MRI. Neurological follow-up 0.5-8 years after tumour resection revealed no delayed neurological complications, follow-up CT and MRI findings were not suggestive of lesions acquired after operation. It is suggested that this rare condition of cardiac myxoma should be suspected in young patients with CNS symptoms or signs lacking cerebrovascular or cardiovascular risk factors and should be included in the differential diagnosis of vasculitis. With timely diagnosis and resection of the cardiac tumour the long-term prognosis can be considered improved.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / diagnosis
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Heart Neoplasms / complications*
  • Heart Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Heart Neoplasms / pathology
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myxoma / complications*
  • Myxoma / diagnostic imaging
  • Myxoma / pathology
  • Nervous System Diseases / etiology*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Vasculitis / diagnosis