Background: Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) plays a critical role in the detoxification of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species, constituting a major cellular defense mechanism against agents that induce oxidative stress. A genetic polymorphism in the mitochondrial targeting sequence of this gene has been associated with increased cancer risk. This one base pair transition (-9 T>C) leads to a Val to Ala amino acid change in the mitochondrial targeting sequence. In addition, the MnSOD promoter contains an activator protein-2 (AP-2) binding site that modifies transcription of MnSOD. Mutations have been identified in the proximal region of the promoter in human tumor cell lines. One of these mutations (-102 C>T) has been shown to change the binding pattern of AP-2, leading to a reduction in transcriptional activity. The aim of our study was to investigate possible associations of the (-9 T>C) and (-102 C>T) polymorphisms with gastric cancer in a population-based case-control study conducted in Warsaw, Poland.
Materials and methods: DNA was obtained from a population based case-control study of stomach cancer conducted in Warsaw, Poland, between 1994 and 1996. The MnSOD -9 T>C genotype was determined by PCR-RFLP assay. The MnSOD -102 C>T genotype was determined using a TaqMan allele discrimination assay.
Results: The frequency of the -102 C>T polymorphism was 41% (38/91) in gastric cancer cases and 38% (50/130) in the controls (odds ratio [OR] 1.1, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.6-2.1). The frequency of the -9 T>C polymorphism was 44% (202/464) in cases and 56% (262/464) in controls (OR 1.1; 95% CI 0.9-1.37). The lack of association was observed in both non-smokers (OR 1.5; 95% CI 0.7-2.34) and smokers (OR 1.1; 95% CI 0.7-1.7). Furthermore, the association was not significant when smokers were segregated by extent of smoking history.
Conclusion: The association of the manganese superoxide dismutase polymorphisms at -102 C>T and the -9 T>C were not found to be associated with gastric cancer in a Polish case-control study.