Background: For adequate control of excess bleeding during liver resection, total vascular exclusion (TVE) is preferred by surgeons, especially when the tumor is located in the posterior liver lobes or near the cava. To the authors' knowledge, the effects of TVE technique on the postoperative liver regeneration process have not thus far been evaluated yet in the literature. This study was planned to compare the effects of liver resections performed either with portal pedicle clamping or with TVE on the regeneration process.
Materials and methods: Seventy percent hepatectomy was performed with portal pedicle clamping (n=10, Group A) or with TVE (n=10, Group B) in rats. At 48 h after resection, sampling was performed for the measurement of serum transaminase, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), tissue malondialdehyde (MDA), and glutathione (GSH) levels. Liver regeneration rate, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) labeling, and mitotic indices were also evaluated.
Results: Liver injury determinants (serum transaminases, ALP, and tissue MDA levels) were found significantly higher in group B than in group A. Liver regeneration rate, liver GSH levels, PCNA labeling index, and mitotic index were significantly lower in group B than in group A.
Conclusions: The injury during TVE seems to be greater than during resection with portal pedicle clamping. The negative effect of this oxidative damage may influence the regenerative capacity of the remnant liver tissue.