Effects of raloxifene on serum malondialdehyde, erythrocyte superoxide dismutase, and erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase levels in healthy postmenopausal women

Maturitas. 2005 Mar 14;50(3):182-8. doi: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2004.05.005.


Objective: To investigate the relationship between raloxifene administration and serum malondialdehyde (MDA), erythrocyte superoxide dismutase (SOD), erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase (GPx) levels in healthy postmenopausal women.

Methods: In a randomized and placebo-controlled design, 80 women received either 60 mg/day raloxifene or placebo for 24 weeks. MDA, SOD, and GPx levels were assessed at 0,4,12, and 24 weeks. Wilcoxon signed-rank test and Mann-Whitney U test were used for comparisons.

Results: Six women in the treatment arm and eight women in the placebo group discontinued the study. Mean serum MDA levels were significantly (p = 0.001) decreased from 11.4 nmol/ml at baseline to 8.9 nmol/ml at week 12 with raloxifene treatment. Mean erythrocyte SOD activity was significantly (p = 0.02) reduced from 1472 U/g Hb at baseline to 1173 U/g Hb at week 12 following raloxifene administration. Lowered serum MDA and erythrocyte SOD levels persisted during treatment. On contrary, erythrocyte GPx levels did not change significantly with raloxifene administration.

Conclusions: Raloxifene (60 mg/day) lowers serum MDA levels and erythrocyte SOD activity in postmenopausal women after 12 weeks of treatment. The clinical implications of these findings need to be determined.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Erythrocytes / enzymology*
  • Female
  • Glutathione Peroxidase / drug effects
  • Glutathione Peroxidase / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Malondialdehyde / blood*
  • Middle Aged
  • Postmenopause
  • Raloxifene Hydrochloride / pharmacology*
  • Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators / pharmacology*
  • Superoxide Dismutase / drug effects
  • Superoxide Dismutase / metabolism*


  • Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators
  • Raloxifene Hydrochloride
  • Malondialdehyde
  • Glutathione Peroxidase
  • Superoxide Dismutase