Distal Chr 4 harbors a genetic locus (Gct1) fundamental for spontaneous ovarian granulosa cell tumorigenesis in a mouse model

Cancer Res. 2005 Feb 15;65(4):1259-64. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-04-2992.


The spontaneous development of juvenile-onset ovarian granulosa cell tumors in mice of the SWXJ-9 recombinant inbred strain is a model for juvenile-type granulosa cell tumors that appear in very young girls. To expedite gene discovery in this mouse model of childhood cancer, we did a gene mapping study with the SWXJ-9 recombinant inbred strain and the evolutionarily divergent Mus musculus castaneus (CAST/Ei) strain as a mapping partner. Our mapping strategy focused on autosomal determinants of susceptibility with a backcross scheme that exploited a paternal, parent-of-origin effect for a X-linked gene (Gct4) that strongly supports granulosa cell tumor development. Of 1,968 backcross females examined, we detected 81 granulosa cell tumor-bearing animals and compared their allelic inheritance patterns to non-tumor-bearing siblings in a case-control analysis. The results of our study have confirmed an important locus on mouse chromosome (Chr) 4 (Gct1) and have revealed new loci for granulosa cell tumor susceptibility (Gct7-Gct9) on Chrs 1, 2, and 13 with susceptibility alleles contributed by the SWXJ-9 progenitor. Two novel gene-gene interactions supportive for granulosa cell tumor development were also observed between loci on Chrs 17 and 18 and loci on Chrs 2 and 10. Our data substantiate the evidence that Gct1 on Chr 4 is a fundamental oncogene for granulosa cell tumorigenesis in mice and has identified additional interacting autosomal loci that support tumor development.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / genetics*
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Mammalian / genetics
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Female
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Granulosa Cell Tumor / genetics*
  • Inbreeding
  • Mice
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics*