Chronic griseofulvin (GF) intoxication of mice leads to severe alterations of the hepatocytic intermediate filament cytoskeleton similar to that found in alcoholic hepatitis in humans (i.e., derangement and diminution of the keratin filament network and appearance of cytoplasmic aggregates of keratin-containing material, termed Mallory bodies). To investigate eventual alterations of nuclear lamins under these pathologic situations monoclonal antibodies were produced. One of these, GL-35, was directed to lamin B1 and lamin B2. Immunofluorescence microscopy revealed in GF-treated livers, in comparison to normal mouse livers, a highly reduced immunoreaction for lamins B1 and B2, whereas the staining for lamins A and C was unchanged. This reduction of both B-type lamins occurred before detectable alterations of keratin filaments and was reversible after cessation of GF intoxication. A diminished content of both B-type lamins in relation to lamins A and C in GF-intoxicated livers was also revealed by analysis of isolated nuclear envelopes on two-dimensional gels. Moreover, there was a clear predominance of more acidic isoelectric variants of lamins B1 and B2. In contrast to the reduced amount of B-type lamin proteins no reduction in the concentration of the mRNA for lamin B1 was found. For lamin B2 even an increase of mRNA was detected in GF-treated livers. These results indicate that GF not only interferes with expression of the keratin intermediate filament skeleton of hepatocytes but also leads to selective alterations of the nuclear lamins, most likely by posttranslational modifications of intermediate filament proteins.