Immunology of hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infection

Nat Rev Immunol. 2005 Mar;5(3):215-29. doi: 10.1038/nri1573.


More than 500 million people worldwide are persistently infected with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV) and are at risk of developing chronic liver disease, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Despite many common features in the pathogenesis of HBV- and HCV-related liver disease, these viruses markedly differ in their virological properties and in their immune escape and survival strategies. This review assesses recent advances in our understanding of viral hepatitis, contrasts mechanisms of virus-host interaction in acute hepatitis B and hepatitis C, and outlines areas for future studies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Hepacivirus / genetics
  • Hepacivirus / immunology
  • Hepatitis B / etiology
  • Hepatitis B / immunology*
  • Hepatitis B / virology
  • Hepatitis B virus / genetics
  • Hepatitis B virus / immunology
  • Hepatitis C / etiology
  • Hepatitis C / immunology*
  • Hepatitis C / virology
  • Hepatitis, Chronic / immunology
  • Hepatitis, Chronic / virology
  • Humans
  • Immunity / immunology
  • Models, Immunological