Cancer nanotechnology: opportunities and challenges

Nat Rev Cancer. 2005 Mar;5(3):161-71. doi: 10.1038/nrc1566.


Nanotechnology is a multidisciplinary field, which covers a vast and diverse array of devices derived from engineering, biology, physics and chemistry. These devices include nanovectors for the targeted delivery of anticancer drugs and imaging contrast agents. Nanowires and nanocantilever arrays are among the leading approaches under development for the early detection of precancerous and malignant lesions from biological fluids. These and other nanodevices can provide essential breakthroughs in the fight against cancer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Contrast Media / administration & dosage
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Equipment Design
  • Humans
  • Nanotechnology / trends*
  • Neoplasms* / diagnosis
  • Neoplasms* / therapy


  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Contrast Media