Quality components of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) varieties

J Agric Food Chem. 2005 Mar 9;53(5):1692-9. doi: 10.1021/jf0484125.

Abstract

The sensory quality and chemical constituents of juices from seven sea buckthorn (Hippophaerhamnoides L.) varieties were studied in two consecutive seasons. The juices were generally described as sour and astringent, with low sweetness and fruity flavor. The differences in sensory quality as well as in chemical composition between samples and years were significant (p < 0.05) in most parameters studied. The Chuiskaya variety was described as the sweetest, with the strongest fruity flavor, whereas the varieties Avgustinka, Botanicheskaya, Trofimovskaya, and Raisa were the sourest and most astringent. Total sugar (fructose and glucose) varied from 1.9 to 7.1 g/100 mL in juice, total acid (malic and quinic acids) from 3.1 to 5.1 g/100 mL, vitamin C from 29 to 176 mg/100 mL, and pulp oil from 0.7 to 3.6%. The soluble solids were between 7.4 and 12.6, the pH between 2.7 and 2.9, and the titrable acidity between 2.0 and 3.7. The redness was highest on Avgustinka and Raisa, but there were no differences in yellowness. Total sugar and the sugar/acid ratio correlated positively with sweetness and negatively with sourness and astringency, whereas total acid and titrable acidity correlated positively with sourness and astringency and negatively with sweetness.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Beverages / analysis
  • Carbohydrates / analysis
  • Carboxylic Acids / analysis
  • Female
  • Fruit / chemistry*
  • Hippophae / chemistry*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Odorants / analysis
  • Taste

Substances

  • Carbohydrates
  • Carboxylic Acids