In this study, the secretion rate and IgA, albumin and lactoferrin concentrations in minor labial and buccal gland saliva were investigated in individuals with hyposalivation due to primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS; 10 subjects) or head and neck radiation therapy (RT; 10 subjects) and in their matched controls. Whole saliva was similarly examined. The minor gland saliva flow was measured using the Periotron method. IgA, albumin and lactoferrin concentrations were analysed by ELISA techniques. A general finding was that the flow rate and protein concentrations were lower in labial than in buccal gland saliva. In both hyposalivation groups, the labial minor gland saliva secretion rate was lowered compared to their respective controls. The buccal gland saliva flow rate was significantly reduced in the RT group only. IgA and albumin concentrations were not different from the controls in the labial secretions. The concentration of lactoferrin was increased in the RT group. In buccal saliva, the concentrations of all proteins examined but pSS IgA, were increased compared to the controls. Reduced flow rate and increased protein concentrations were seen for whole saliva where the lactoferrin concentration was higher in RT than in pSS subjects. Thus, our findings suggested that minor gland saliva flow rate and protein concentrations are affected in RT and pSS subjects and to highest extent in the former.