Relationship between ankle-foot swelling and self-assessed function after ankle sprain

Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005 Mar;37(3):360-3. doi: 10.1249/01.mss.0000155435.10686.04.

Abstract

Purpose: Decreasing swelling after ankle sprain is a main focus of treatment, as it is believed that swelling is related to function. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between ankle-foot swelling and self-assessed ankle function in the early period after ankle sprain.

Methods: Thirty-six individuals were tested for ankle-foot volume and self-assessed ankle function within days of spraining their ankle. Volumetric measurements of the injured and uninjured ankle-foot segment were taken with a foot and ankle volumeter. Stepwise linear regression analysis was performed, with function being the dependent variable, and the following variables included as independent variables: gender, age, body mass index, previous history of sprain in the injured ankle, and the volume difference between the injured and uninjured ankle-foot segment.

Results: None of the independent variables were significantly related to self-assessed function. Pearson's correlation coefficient for the injured minus uninjured ankle-foot volume and self-assessed ankle function was -0.003.

Conclusion: The results indicate that there is no relationship between ankle-foot swelling and self-assessed ankle function in the early period after ankle sprain injury.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Ankle Injuries / complications
  • Ankle Injuries / physiopathology*
  • Body Weights and Measures
  • Edema / etiology
  • Edema / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Recovery of Function / physiology
  • Sprains and Strains / complications
  • Sprains and Strains / physiopathology*