Self-esteem during the school years. Its normal development and hazardous decline

Pediatr Clin North Am. 1992 Jun;39(3):537-50. doi: 10.1016/s0031-3955(16)38343-2.


Self-esteem has a major impact on all aspects of a child and adolescent's life. This article examines the emergence of self-esteem within a dynamic ongoing child-environment interaction; a framework for understanding the components of self-esteem; behavioral manifestations of self-esteem, especially as expressed in different coping maneuvers; and strategies and interventions to reinforce the self-esteem of children and adolescents.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child Development*
  • Communication
  • Environment
  • Humans
  • Parenting
  • Pediatrics / methods
  • Problem Solving
  • Psychological Theory
  • Psychology, Adolescent*
  • Psychology, Child*
  • Self Concept*
  • Temperament