Children's responses to nursing attire

Pediatr Nurs. Mar-Apr 1992;18(2):157-60.


Purpose: To investigate how nursing attire affects children.

Method: One hundred children ages 3, 4, and 5 years were interviewed. Fifty of the children had previously been hospitalized and 50 had no hospital experience. Five color photographs of a nurse representing five different uniform styles were shown to each child. The children were asked to select a photograph in response to questions.

Results: Fifty-eight percent of the children preferred the smock top. The traditional white uniform was considered frightening by 41% of the children. Chi Square analysis finds the differences in selection of uniforms to be significant at the .001 level.

Conclusions: The children preferred and were least frightened by the colorful smock top uniform style. The least preferred and most frightful attire was the traditional dress uniform.

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Clothing / standards*
  • Fear
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Nursing Staff / standards*
  • Pediatric Nursing / standards*
  • Psychology, Child*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires