Behavioral effects of L-alpha-glycerylphosphorylcholine: influence on cognitive mechanisms in the rat

Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1992 Feb;41(2):445-8. doi: 10.1016/0091-3057(92)90124-x.


The phosphorylcholine precursor, L-alpha-glycerylphosphorylcholine (alpha-GPC), was injected at the dose of 100 mg/kg/day for 20 days to aged male rats of the Sprague-Dawley strain, 24 months old, showing a deficit of learning and memory capacity. The drug was also administered to rats with amnesia induced pharmacologically with bilateral injections of kainic acid into the nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM). Learning and memory capacity of the animals, studied with tests of active and passive avoidance behavior, was improved after treatment with alpha-GPC in all experimental groups. These results indicate that this drug affects cognitive mechanisms in the rat through an involvement of central neurotransmission.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cognition / drug effects*
  • Glycerylphosphorylcholine / pharmacology*
  • Male
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Reaction Time / drug effects


  • Glycerylphosphorylcholine