In a previous study we observed that most neurones in the paraventricular nucleus are excited by angiotensin-(1-7). In comparison with angiotensin III this excitatory action was significantly delayed. The aim of the present microiontophoretic study of angiotensin II-sensitive rat paraventricular neurones was to compare the effect of the angiotensin-analogues angiotensin-(1-7), angiotensin-(2-7), angiotensin II and angiotensin III on the spontaneous activity of these neurones and to test angiotensin receptor subtype 1 antagonists (CGP 46027 or DuP 753) and subtype 2 selective antagonists (CGP 42112A and PD 123177) in order to acquire more evidence of the receptor subtype present. As previously observed angiotensin II, angiotensin III and angiotensin-(1-7) excited most neurones. The effect of angiotensin-(1-7) was usually weaker than that of angiotensin II, and in contrast to angiotensin III the latencies were not significantly different. Angiotensin-(1-7) seemed to be active by itself, because its effect was antagonised by angiotensin receptor antagonists. Angiotensin-(2-7) was mostly inactive, although a few cells were excited. Whereas the excitatory effects of angiotensin-(1-7), angiotensin II and angiotensin III could always be inhibited with both angiotensin receptor subtype antagonists 1 and 2, that produced by angiotensin-(2-7) was only weakly antagonised, if at all. Subtype 1 selective antagonists were effective at lower concentrations than selective subtype 2 antagonists.