Changes in phosphorylation of the NMDA receptor in the rat hippocampus induced by status epilepticus

J Neurochem. 2005 Mar;92(6):1377-85. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2005.02977.x.

Abstract

Systemic administration of pilocarpine preceded by lithium induces status epilepticus (SE) that results in neurodegeneration and may lead to the development of spontaneous recurrent seizures. We investigated the effect of Li/pilocarpine-induced SE on phosphorylation of the NMDA receptor in rat hippocampus. Phosphorylation of NR1 by PKC on Ser890 was decreased to 45% of control values immediately following 1 h of SE. During the first 3 h following the termination of SE, phosphorylation of Ser890 increased 4-fold before declining to control values by 24 h. Phosphorylation of NR1 by PKA was also depressed relative to controls immediately following SE and transiently increased above control values upon the termination of SE. SE was accompanied by a general increase in tyrosine phosphorylation of hippocampal proteins that lasted for several hours following the termination of seizures. Tyrosine phosphorylation of the NR2A and NR2B subunits of the NMDAR increased 3-4-fold over control values during SE, continued to increase during the first hour following SE and then declined to control levels by 24 h. SE resulted in the activation of Src and Pyk2 associated with the postsynaptic apparatus, suggesting a role for these enzymes in the SE-induced increase in tyrosine phosphorylation. Changes in phosphorylation of the NMDA receptor may play a role in the pathophysiological consequences of SE.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Drug Synergism
  • Epilepsy / metabolism*
  • Epilepsy / physiopathology
  • Focal Adhesion Kinase 2
  • Hippocampus / drug effects
  • Hippocampus / metabolism*
  • Hippocampus / physiopathology
  • Lithium / pharmacology
  • Male
  • Muscarinic Agonists / pharmacology
  • Neurons / drug effects
  • Neurons / metabolism*
  • Phosphorylation / drug effects
  • Pilocarpine / pharmacology
  • Protein Kinase C / metabolism
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Long-Evans
  • Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate / metabolism*
  • Serine / metabolism
  • Status Epilepticus / chemically induced
  • Status Epilepticus / metabolism*
  • Status Epilepticus / physiopathology
  • Tyrosine / metabolism
  • src-Family Kinases / metabolism

Substances

  • Muscarinic Agonists
  • NR1 NMDA receptor
  • NR2A NMDA receptor
  • NR2B NMDA receptor
  • Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
  • Pilocarpine
  • Tyrosine
  • Serine
  • Lithium
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Focal Adhesion Kinase 2
  • Ptk2b protein, rat
  • src-Family Kinases
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
  • Protein Kinase C