Tuberculosis and brucellosis prevalence survey on dairy cattle in Mbarara milk basin (Uganda)

Prev Vet Med. 2005 Mar 15;67(4):267-81. doi: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2004.11.002. Epub 2005 Jan 4.


We determined the prevalence of tuberculosis and brucellosis reactors in the dairy herds in the Mbarara district of Uganda in 2002. This is one of the most important dairy-production areas of the country and includes both pastoral and agro-pastoral zones. A total of 340 (of 11,995) randomly selected herds were tested for tuberculosis, using the intradermal tuberculosis-skin test and 315 (of 10,562) herds tested for brucellosis using the serum Rose Bengal test. The herd prevalence for tuberculosis reactors was 74.1% (95% confidence intervals 69, 78), the individual-animal prevalence was of 6.0% (5.6, 6.5) and within-herd range was 1-50% (up to 100% if suspicious reactors were included). The herd prevalence for brucellosis was 55.6% (50, 61.2) individual-animal prevalence 15.8% (14.8, 16.7) and within-herd range 1-90%. The reactor prevalence increased with the age of the animals for both tuberculosis and brucellosis. Tuberculosis reactor prevalences were higher in animals from the agro-pastoral zone. However, the individual-animal and herd prevalences of brucellosis seroprevalences were higher in the pastoral zone.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brucellosis, Bovine / epidemiology*
  • Cattle
  • Dairying
  • Intradermal Tests / veterinary
  • Prevalence
  • Risk
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Tuberculosis, Bovine / epidemiology*
  • Uganda / epidemiology