Prevalence and distribution of oral lesions: a cross-sectional study in Turkey

Oral Dis. 2005 Mar;11(2):81-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1601-0825.2004.01062.x.


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and distribution of oral lesions (OLs) in Turkish population.

Subjects and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 765 residents (F/M: 375/390) were selected by the cluster sampling method and examined according to WHO criteria.

Results: Excessive melanin pigmentation (6.9%) was the most common lesion in the study population. The tongue lesions observed in this study were as follows: fissured tongue (5.2%), varices (4.1%), hairy tongue (3.8%), geographic tongue (1.0%), atrophic tongue papillae (0.7%) and ankyloglossia (0.3%). The denture-related lesions were denture stomatitis (4.3%), suction irritation (0.8%), denture hyperplasia and torus palatinus as bony lesion (0.5%) and traumatic ulcers (0.3%). In regression analysis, being 65 years old and over was found as a statistically significant risk factor for the occurrence of pigmentation, fissured tongue, varices, hairy tongue, denture stomatitis and petechiae (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: Pigmentation, fissured tongue and denture stomatitis were observed to be the most common lesions in Turkish population. Elderly population was a significant risk factor for occurrence of some OLs.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Melanosis / epidemiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Mouth Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Mouth Mucosa / pathology
  • Prevalence
  • Regression Analysis
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / epidemiology
  • Statistics, Nonparametric
  • Stomatitis, Denture / epidemiology
  • Tongue, Fissured / epidemiology
  • Turkey / epidemiology
  • Urban Population