Probationary and non-probationary drivers' nighttime crashes in Western Australia, 1996-2000

J Safety Res. 2005;36(1):33-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jsr.2004.11.003. Epub 2005 Jan 25.


Introduction: This study was designed to explore the temporal aspects of crashes for probationary and non-probationary drivers.

Methods: Data from the West Australian Road Injury Database from 1996-2000 were used to calculate age-sex-specific crash rates per 100,000 person-days and to plot proportions of fatal and hospital crashes by time for probationary and non-probationary drivers. The population attributable risk was used to estimate the potential number of lives saved by nighttime driving restriction in the probationary period.

Results: Probationary drivers were seven times more likely to crash than non-probationary drivers. While the highest number of crashes was in the daytime, probationary drivers had a higher proportion of fatal or hospitalization crashes at night than non-probationary drivers.

Conclusion: Restrictions on driving at night could form part of graduated driver training. Even if some probationary drivers disobeyed the restriction, a substantial reduction in car occupant fatalities and hospitalizations could result.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Traffic / trends*
  • Automobile Driving / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Western Australia / epidemiology