To develop specific conditional gene ablation in the hematopoietic myeloid-osteoclast lineage, transgenic mice expressing Cre recombinase under the control of the CD11b promotor were generated on the C57BL/6 background. The cellular specificity of Cre activity following recombination was quantified in the Z/EG reporter transgenic mice by FACS analysis with lineage-specific markers and EGFP coexpression. A high degree of recombination, as evidenced by EGFP-positive cells, was demonstrated in macrophages and granulocytes of bone marrow and spleen by the presence of double-positive cells CD11b/EGFP and Gr1/EGFP, respectively. Interestingly, the peritoneal macrophage population showed almost complete DNA recombination at large. Most important, mature osteoclast cells derived from the double transgenic bone marrow and spleen progenitors were EGFP-positive. Hence, these CD11b-Cre mice will provide a unique tool to unravel novel gene function and activities involved during osteoclast and macrophage differentiation and maturation processes.