The use of multi-media messaging in the referral of musculoskeletal limb injuries to a tertiary trauma unit using: a 1-month evaluation

Injury. 2005 Apr;36(4):560-6. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2004.08.027.


Objectives: New developments in telecommunications will have a profound effect on the delivery of medical care throughout the world. In Northern Ireland three trauma centres provide fracture care for their own and surrounding Emergency Departments. All trauma referrals are currently taken by telephone. It is our experience that the verbal description of the radiographs of a musculoskeletal limb injury can be inaccurate, necessitating us to view the plain films of the patient. By utilising a recent advance in telecommunications technology, the launch of mobile handsets with multi-media messaging (MMS) service capability, it is now possible to digitally capture and instantly send an image of a plain film.

Purpose: To evaluate the use of multi-media messaging as a supplement to the telephone referral of musculoskeletal limb injures.

Method: : Following a referral using, the emergency physician and the trauma surgeon evaluated the multi-media consult through a survey questionnaire.

Results: Between the 1st December 2003 and the 1st January 2004, 46 multi-media consultations were performed. Picture quality was acceptable in all but one of the referrals. In 35 of the 46 referrals the multi-media image of the plain films was felt to improve the management of the patient. In 8 of the 46 referrals the multi-media image of the plain films was felt to change the management of the patient.

Conclusion: A multi-media messaging store- and forward telemedicine system has potential to facilitate the rapid, cost-effective management of musculoskeletal limb injuries thereby enhancing clinical care.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Arm Injuries / diagnostic imaging*
  • Arm Injuries / therapy
  • Cell Phone*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Emergencies
  • Fractures, Bone / diagnostic imaging*
  • Fractures, Bone / therapy
  • Humans
  • Leg Injuries / diagnostic imaging*
  • Leg Injuries / therapy
  • Middle Aged
  • Northern Ireland
  • Quality of Health Care
  • Radiography
  • Referral and Consultation
  • Telephone
  • Teleradiology / instrumentation*
  • Teleradiology / methods