Cytochrome P-450-dependent mixed-function oxidase and glutathione S-transferase activities in spontaneous obesity-diabetes

Biochem Pharmacol. 1992 Apr 15;43(8):1868-71. doi: 10.1016/0006-2952(92)90724-w.


The effect of non-insulin-dependent diabetes on the hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450-dependent mixed-function oxidase system and on cytosolic glutathione S-transferase activity was determined using the spontaneously obese-diabetic (ob/ob) mouse model. The activities of the xenobiotic-metabolizing cytochrome P450 proteins were monitored by the use of chemical probes. Non-insulin-dependent diabetes did not influence the hepatic metabolism of substrates associated with the P450 I, IIB, IIE, III and IV families of cytochromes. In contrast, cytosolic glutathione S-transferase activity was markedly reduced and glutathione levels were significantly lowered. These findings raise the possibility that patients suffering from this disease may be more susceptible to chemicals that rely on glutathione conjugation for their deactivation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism*
  • Cytosol / enzymology
  • Diabetes Mellitus / enzymology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / enzymology*
  • Glutathione / metabolism
  • Glutathione Transferase / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Obese
  • Microsomes, Liver / enzymology
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases / metabolism*
  • Obesity*


  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases
  • Glutathione Transferase
  • Glutathione