Worldwide phylogeography of wild boar reveals multiple centers of pig domestication

Science. 2005 Mar 11;307(5715):1618-21. doi: 10.1126/science.1106927.


Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences from 686 wild and domestic pig specimens place the origin of wild boar in island Southeast Asia (ISEA), where they dispersed across Eurasia. Previous morphological and genetic evidence suggested pig domestication took place in a limited number of locations (principally the Near East and Far East). In contrast, new genetic data reveal multiple centers of domestication across Eurasia and that European, rather than Near Eastern, wild boar are the principal source of modern European domestic pigs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Domestic* / classification
  • Animals, Domestic* / genetics
  • Animals, Wild / classification
  • Animals, Wild / genetics
  • Asia
  • Australasia
  • Bayes Theorem
  • DNA, Mitochondrial / genetics
  • Europe
  • Genetics, Population
  • Geography
  • Haplotypes
  • India
  • Markov Chains
  • Monte Carlo Method
  • Phylogeny*
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sus scrofa / classification*
  • Sus scrofa / genetics*
  • Time


  • DNA, Mitochondrial