Overcoming barriers and promoting the use of research in practice

J Nurs Adm. 2005 Mar;35(3):121-9. doi: 10.1097/00005110-200503000-00005.


Objectives: To identify changes in nurse attitudes toward research utilization and the organization's research environment preimplementation and postimplementation of a multifaceted intervention to promote the use of research in practice.

Background: Nursing practice based on research evidence has been shown to promote positive patient outcomes. Personal characteristics such as positive attitudes and involvement have been positively correlated with research utilization. Organizational culture is a determinant of nurses' use of research in practice. Healthcare organizations must develop a supportive environment in an effort to attract nurses who share a similar philosophy to positively influence the organization's research culture and ultimately the care patients receive.

Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional, presurvey and postsurvey design was used to identify inpatient nurses' personal and professional characteristics, perceptions of organizational culture, and the effectiveness of organizational strategies. Baseline and post implementation data were collected using the BARRIERS to Research Utilization Scale and the Research Factor Questionnaire.

Results: There was improvement in nurses' perception of barriers and organizational culture postimplementation of the multifaceted intervention. Journal club participation was one of the key strategies that facilitated research utilization.

Conclusions: Moving research findings into practice is important for the nursing profession. Barriers to the use of research findings in practice must be modified. A dialogue between administration and staff about how to remove the barriers is critical.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attitude of Health Personnel*
  • Communication
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diffusion of Innovation
  • Education, Nursing, Continuing / organization & administration
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Services Needs and Demand
  • Hospitals, University
  • Humans
  • Interprofessional Relations
  • Models, Psychological
  • Nurse's Role / psychology
  • Nursing Methodology Research
  • Nursing Research / education
  • Nursing Research / organization & administration*
  • Nursing Staff, Hospital / education
  • Nursing Staff, Hospital / psychology*
  • Organizational Culture
  • Philosophy, Nursing
  • Semantic Differential
  • Social Support
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Time Management