Tuberculoid leprosy in a patient with AIDS: a manifestation of immune restoration syndrome

Scand J Infect Dis. 2004;36(11-12):881-3. doi: 10.1080/00365540410025357.


An HIV positive male from Brazil, living in Italy since 1989, developed a single non-itching, papulo-erythematous infiltrative lesion on the face after 2 months from the beginning of HAART. A diagnosis of leprosy was made, suggesting that the immunodeficiency masked the disease, until the skin manifestation became evident with immune-recovery.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active / adverse effects*
  • Dapsone / therapeutic use
  • HIV Infections / drug therapy*
  • HIV-1
  • Humans
  • Leprostatic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Leprosy, Tuberculoid / diagnosis
  • Leprosy, Tuberculoid / drug therapy
  • Leprosy, Tuberculoid / pathology*
  • Male


  • Leprostatic Agents
  • Dapsone