Strain A/J mice have successfully been used to develop an animal model for tobacco smoke carcinogenesis. In 18 individual studies, reported by 4 different laboratories, a significant increase in lung tumor multiplicities following exposure from 50 to 170mg/m3 of total suspended tobacco smoke particulates was found in 15 studies (83 %) and a significant increase in lung tumor incidence in 10 studies (56%). However, tumor multiplicities are comparatively low (from an average of 1.1 to 2.8 tumors per lung). From a toxicological standpoint, this indicates that cigarette smoke is a weak animal carcinogen. Although the assay allowed one to detect substantial chemopreventive activity of a mixture of myo-inositol and dexamethasone, it was less successful in showing efficacy for several other agents.