Baclofen Intoxication: Report of Four Cases and Review of the Literature

Clin Neuropharmacol. 1992 Feb;15(1):56-62.

Abstract

Four cases of baclofen intoxication are reported, with a review of 33 cases from the literature. Analysis of these 37 cases suggests that there are two types of baclofen intoxication syndrome. Patients with acute intoxication present with four major clinical manifestations: encephalopathy (disturbance of consciousness and/or seizure), respiratory depression, muscular hypotonia, and generalized hyporeflexia. Patients with chronic intoxication present with hallucinosis, impaired memory, catatonia, or acute mania. The acute intoxication syndrome has a faster onset, shorter duration, more severe clinical manifestations, and higher incidence of seizures than the chronic intoxication syndrome. Baclofen intoxication, although it may cause grave encephalopathic manifestations and electroencephalographic findings, has a benign outcome if actively managed.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Baclofen / poisoning*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / chemically induced
  • Middle Aged
  • Seizures / chemically induced
  • Suicide, Attempted

Substances

  • Baclofen