Infections in patients with febrile neutropenia: epidemiology, microbiology, and risk stratification

Clin Infect Dis. 2005 Apr 1;40 Suppl 4:S240-5. doi: 10.1086/427329.


Determinations of the type and setting of empirical therapy for immunocompromised patients with fever are complicated by the characteristics of the underlying illness and the effects of treatments already received, as well as by changing microbiological patterns and trends in drug resistance at national and institutional levels. Several systems have been proposed to distinguish patients who could benefit from outpatient antibiotic therapy from patients who require hospitalization. Practical considerations may decide whether the necessary monitoring during the period of neutropenia can be achieved.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Fever
  • Humans
  • Immunocompromised Host*
  • Neoplasms / immunology*
  • Neoplasms / therapy
  • Neutropenia* / microbiology
  • Neutropenia* / mortality
  • Opportunistic Infections* / drug therapy
  • Opportunistic Infections* / epidemiology
  • Opportunistic Infections* / microbiology
  • Risk Assessment


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents