Mucous cystadenoma of the appendix: is it safe to remove it by a laparoscopic approach?

Surg Endosc. 2003 May;17(5):833-4. doi: 10.1007/s00464-002-4266-6.


Mucinous cystadenoma is an uncommon neoplasm of the appendix usually discovered intraoperatively. Its clinical significance lies in the possible rupture and consequent spillage of mucin into the peritoneal cavity, leading to pseudomyxoma peritonei. Even if laparoscopy has been successfully used to perform appendectomy, some concerns exist regarding its use in dealing with mucinous secreting lesions because of possible spillage of mucin during surgery. We report a case of mucous cystadenoma of the appendix, which was successfully removed using a laparoscopic approach. At a 12-month follow-up assessment, the patient was free of disease. We believe that the laparoscopic approach is safe if surgery can be performed without grasping the lesion, and if the specimen is removed through the abdominal wall using a bag. Conversion to laparotomy should be considered if the lesion must be traumatically grasped, or if the tumor clearly extends beyond the appendix.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Appendiceal Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Cystadenoma, Mucinous / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy*
  • Middle Aged