The DNA content in 37 tumors from 34 women with gynecological cancer was measured by flow cytometry (FCM) and interactive image cytometry (ICM). Agreement was obtained in 81% of cases as regards ploidy levels, but seven tumors (19%) showed different ploidies. Of these, five were classified as diploid by FCM but either aneuploid (three cases) or polyploid (two cases) by ICM. Two other tumors were aneuploid by ICM but polyploid (one case) and unclassifiable (one case) by FCM. All tumors classified as aneuploid by FCM were also aneuploid by ICM, and all tumors classified diploid by ICM were also diploid by FCM. Of six patients whose tumors were classified as euploid (five diploid and one polyploid) by FCM but classified as aneuploid by ICM, five relapsed, and three of these have died of disease. On the basis of these findings, it is concluded that ICM must be performed in cases classified as diploid by FCM to ensure that small subpopulations of aneuploid tumor cells are not overlooked.