Anthocyanin antioxidant activity and partition behavior in whey protein emulsion

J Agric Food Chem. 2005 Mar 23;53(6):2022-7. doi: 10.1021/jf047975d.


The antioxidant activities of anthocyanins and anthocyanin fractions isolated from blackcurrants, raspberries, and lingonberries were investigated in whey protein-stabilized emulsion. The extent of protein oxidation was measured by determining the loss of tryptophan fluorescence and formation of protein carbonyl compounds and that of lipid oxidation by conjugated diene hydroperoxides and hexanal analyses. The antioxidant activity of berry anthocyanins increased with an increase in concentration. Blackcurrant anthocyanins were the most potent antioxidants toward both protein and lipid oxidation at all concentrations due to the beneficial combination of delphinidin and cyanidin glycosides. Most berry anthocyanins (69.4-72.8%) partitioned into the aqueous phase of the emulsion, thus being located favorably for antioxidant action toward protein oxidation. The presence of the lipid decreased the share of anthocyanin in the aqueous phase. Thus, the structure of food affects the antioxidant activity by influencing the partitioning of the antioxidant.

MeSH terms

  • Anthocyanins / analysis
  • Anthocyanins / pharmacology*
  • Antioxidants / analysis
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Chemical Phenomena
  • Chemistry, Physical
  • Emulsions / chemistry*
  • Lipid Peroxidation / drug effects
  • Milk Proteins / chemistry*
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Proteins / chemistry
  • Ribes / chemistry
  • Rosaceae / chemistry
  • Tryptophan / chemistry
  • Vaccinium vitis-idaea / chemistry
  • Whey Proteins


  • Anthocyanins
  • Antioxidants
  • Emulsions
  • Milk Proteins
  • Proteins
  • Whey Proteins
  • Tryptophan