The olfactory bulb is a highly plastic structure the volume of which partly reflects the degree of afferent neural activity. In this study, 22 patients with post-infectious olfactory deficit, nine participants with post-traumatic olfactory deficit, and 17 healthy controls underwent magnetic resonance volumetry of the olfactory bulb. Patients presented with significantly smaller olfactory bulb volumes than controls; significant correlations between olfactory function and bulb volume were observed. Patients with parosmia exhibited smaller olfactory bulb volumes than those without parosmia. Findings indicate that smell deficits leading to a reduced sensory input to the olfactory bulb result in structural changes at the level of the bulb. Reduced olfactory bulb volumes may also be considered to be characteristic of parosmia.