Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, with a complex genetic background. Here, we present a genome screen for association in small scale, employing 11,555 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on DNA chips for genotyping 100 MS patients stratified for HLA-DR2+ and 100 controls. More than 500 SNPs revealed significant differences between cases and controls before Bonferroni correction. A fraction of these SNPs was reanalysed in two additional cohorts of patients and controls, using high-throughput genotyping methods. A marker on chromosome 6p21.32 (rs2395182) yielded the highest significance level, validating the established HLA-DR association.