A six-month-old infant girl presenting with progressive encephalopathy and abnormal myelination in the cerebral white matter was originally diagnosed as suffering from Krabbe disease. The diagnosis was based on a deficiency of galactocerebrosidase activity found in leukocytes isolated from whole blood. When cultured skin fibroblasts did not show a similar enzyme deficiency and sulphatide (stearoyl-1-14C) uptake indicated an abnormal storage of galactosylceramide, a deficiency of an activator was implied. A three base pair deletion was found in the saposin A coding sequence of the prosaposin gene leading to the deletion of a conserved valine at amino acid number 11 of the saposin A protein. This deletion in saposin A is proposed as the cause for the abnormal galactosylceramide metabolism in this infant. This is the first report of a saposin A mutation in humans leading to pathological consequences.